Journal of Cytology
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 210-215

Factors affecting the histopathological outcomes of atypical glandular cells on pap test

1 Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Zeynep Kamil Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Koc University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Pathology, Zeynep Kamil Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Esra Keles
Zeynep Kamil Mahallesi, Dr. Burhanettin Ustunel Sokağı No: 10, 34668 Uskudar, Istanbul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JOC.JOC_54_21

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Background: Glandular cell abnormalities may indicate the presence of pre-malignant or malignant lesions. Aim: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between atypical glandular cells (AGC) and patients' demographics, histopathological outcomes, Human Papillomavirus (HPV) test results. Material and Methods: Between January 2015 and December 2019, women with AGC on Pap tests were retrieved from the hospital electronic database. The patients with AGC on cervicovaginal smears who underwent further pathological, laboratory, and imaging diagnostic testing and who were followed up at least 1-year were included in the study, while those who had a history of cervical dysplasia or cancer, lost during follow-up, or had missing data were excluded. Results: Of 85,692 Pap smears, 114 (0.13%) were diagnosed with AGC, of those 88 cases were eligible for final analysis. Gynecological malignancies were detected in 13 (14.8%) patients; including 6 (6.8%) endometrioid endometrial cancers, 3 (3.4%) non-endometrioid endometrial cancers, 2 (2.3%) cervical adenocarcinomas, 1 (1.1%) cervical squamous cell carcinoma, and 1 (1.1%) high-grade tubal serous cancer. Multivariate analysis revealed that presence of concomitant abnormal squamous lesion (P = 0.002), being 50 years and older (P = 0.028), HPV positivity (P < 0.001), and menopause (P = 0.023) were risk factors for significant pathology. Conclusion: The diagnosis of AGC may be related to the preneoplastic/neoplastic processes. A further comprehensive histopathological examination is required in women with AGC, aged 50 years and older, postmenopausal, HPV-positivity and concomitant squamous cell abnormality Clinicians should consider ovarian pathologies when there is no pathological finding on endometrial or cervical histopathological examination.

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