Journal of Cytology
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 133-139

Comparison of diagnostic performances of urine cytology before and after the use of the paris system criteria: An institutional experience from Turkey

1 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sevgen Onder
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JOC.JOC_38_21

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Background: Urine cytology remains to be the test of choice in the detection of high-grade urothelial carcinomas (HGUC) due to its favorable sensitivity. However, a significant rate of cases is reported under atypical/indeterminate categories, which result in a decrease in its specificity. Providing standardized cytologic criteria, one of the aims of The Paris System (TPS) is to reduce the use of indeterminate diagnoses and provide a higher predictive value in these categories. Aims: We compared the diagnostic performances of TPS and our original reporting system, and also investigated the interobserver reproducibility of the cytologic criteria used. Materials and Methods: A total of 386 urine samples were reviewed retrospectively. Original cytologic diagnoses have been made using similar cytologic features proposed by TPS. All slides were recategorized after the use of the cytologic criteria as described by TPS guideline. Results: After TPS, specificity of the test increased from 39.6% to 63.5, sensitivity decreased from 92.5% to 88.8%, and diagnostic accuracy increased from 63.6% to 75%. The use of negative category increased threefold. Frequencies of indeterminate categories of atypical urothelial cells (AUC) and suspicious for HGUC (SHGUC) decreased by 36% and 56.5%, respectively. A subsequent detection of HGUC after AUC and SHGUC categories increased by 38% and 64%, respectively. Interobserver agreement for TPS categorization was 39%. Conclusions: TPS improved diagnostic accuracy of urine cytology by reducing the use of indeterminate categories, and resulted in increase in their predictive value for subsequent diagnosis of HGUC. However, reproducibility of diagnostic categories seemed to be imperfect.

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