Journal of Cytology
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 170-173

Rapid, Economic, Acetic Acid Papanicolaou Stain (REAP): An economical, rapid, and appropriate substitute to conventional pap stain for staining cervical smears

1 Department of Pathology & Lab Medicine, AIIMS, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, AIIMS, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
3 Department of Orthopedics, AIIMS, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Deepti Joshi
Department of Pathology & Lab Medicine, AIIMS Bhopal, Saket Nagar, Bhopal - 462024, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JOC.JOC_89_20

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Background: The unanimous method of screening cervical cancer is a cervical smear stained with Papanicolaou stain. However, in spite of the various modifications, the staining procedure takes 20 min and uses substantial amount of alcohol which is highly priced. The aim of the study was to assess and analyze the quality of staining of cervical smears stained with Rapid Economical Acetic acid Papanicolaou (REAP) as compared to conventional pap stain in order to establish REAP as an alternative to conventional pap stain. Methods and Material: In this prospective study, a total of two smears each were collected from 50 females who visited the gynecology outpatient department. One of the smears was stained with conventional pap and the other with REAP. The conventional pap and REAP smears were evaluated and compared for the quality of staining. Results: The cervical smears stained with REAP showed optimal cytoplasmic and nuclear staining in 86% and 90% cases, respectively. The cytological findings and diagnosis of REAP stained smears correlated with their corresponding smears stained with conventional pap in 96% of cases. The turnaround time and cost per smear was much low for REAP as compared to conventional pap stain. Conclusion: The present study was able to establish REAP as an appropriate alternative to conventional pap stain. The staining by REAP was comparable to conventional pap stain.

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