Journal of Cytology
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-11

Indian academy of cytologists guidelines for collection, preparation, interpretation, and reporting of serous effusion fluid samples

Indian Academy of Cytologists, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Radhika Srinivasan
Secretary, Indian Academy of Cytologists
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JOC.JOC_157_19

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Cytological examination plays an important role in the initial work-up of the serous cavity effusion fluids to find out the possible etiology as benign or malignant. Among malignant effusions, cytology is helpful in determining the exact type, site, and stage of the tumor. However, for reporting effusion cytology specimens, there is no consistent and reproducible reporting system. Aims: The aim of these guidelines is to provide a standardized format for effusion cytopathology right from sample receipt to its ultimate report sign-out for implementation in all cytopathology laboratories. The Indian Academy of Cytologists in consultation with experts across the country has prepared guidelines pertaining to collection, preparation, and diagnostic categories of effusion specimens to reduce reporting variability. The guidelines are made keeping in mind the different areas of practices in India, especially low- and medium-resource settings. The guidelines are broadly divided into essential, optimal, and optional categories for best usage and appropriate allocation of the precious specimens. In referral centers or well-established setups, essential ancillary techniques can be done for accurate and final diagnosis. By adhering to and implementing these uniform guidelines, it is hoped that clinical patient care and management in India will improve and be of uniformly good quality by enabling and facilitating good laboratory practices.

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