Journal of Cytology
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 90-94

Cervical cytopathological changes among women with vaginal discharge attending teaching hospital

1 Department of Cytopathology, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
2 Biomedical Scientist, National Health Services, Red Sea State, Sudan
3 Consultant Gynecologist, Port Sudan Teaching Hospital, Port, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Magdi M Salih
Department of Clinical Laboratory, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taif University, Saudi Arabia

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JOC.JOC_214_15

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Aims: To find cytology changes among women attending obstetrics and gynaecology clinic with complaints of vaginal discharges. Settings and Design: This descriptive hospital-based cytological study was conducted at the outpatient clinic of the obstetrics and gynaecology department. Materials and Methods: Two hundred women with complaints of vaginal discharge were selected. Their detailed histories were documented on a special request form. Pap smears were then obtained and sent for cytological examination to the cytopathology department. All low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) cases were advised to follow-up with Pap smears in the next 6–12 months. Those with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) were further investigated by a cervical biopsy and managed accordingly. Statistical analysis used: The statistical analysis was performed using, the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). Chi-square and cross-tabulation were used in this study. Results: The cytological examination of Pap smears showed no changes (i.e. negative findings) in 88 (44%) cases, while Candida species infection was the most prevalent, which was found in 67 (33.5%) of the cases. Bacterial vaginosis was found in 39 women (19.5%); 6 women (3%) were reported with dyskaryotic changes. Two cases were found to have LSIL and 4 women had HSIL. Conclusion: Infection is common among the illiterate group of women. Women with vaginal discharges should undergo screening tests for evaluation by cervical smear for the early detection of cervical precancer conditions. There is an urgent need to establish a screening program for cervical cancer in Sudan.

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