Journal of Cytology
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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 83-85

Cytomorphology of basal cell type of solid ameloblastoma - A case report

1 Ex-Research Associate, I.O.P, Presently Asst. Professor, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India
2 Director, Institute of Pathology (I.O.P) - ICMR, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
B Rekhi
Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Dr Ernest Borges Road, Parel, Mumbai 400012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Ameloblastoma (ABL) is an uncommon jaw tumour arising from odontogenic epithelium. Certain unusual variants like solid ameloblastoma and basal cell type have a greater propensity for local recurrences and even metastasis. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been relatively less utilized for diagnosis of jaw tumours. We present a rare subtype of ABL, diagnosed in a young female patient on cytology smears and subsequently confirmed on biopsy. Smears comprised of mainly basaloid cells admixed with some spindle cells. Sections showed islands and nests of pleomorphic basaloid cells invading adjacent muscles and bone. FNAC with clinico-radiological correlation can serve as a quick, safe and easily accessible tool in diagnosing these rare tumours. An accurate preoperative diagnosis in such situations helps the clinician to perform a more extensive surgery as these variants have more chances for recurrence and metastasis.

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